More than 1/3 of the Panamá's people are old and the old age does not appear alone and if it does, soon appear their eternal companions: Alzheimer, parkinson, rheumatism, cerebral ischemia, hydrocephalus, hip fractures or femur and others that often make them bedridden patients and, of course, dependents who need to be cared for with care, dedication, patience, tolerance and goodwill.
The aging of the population is a worldwide demographic phenomenon. The growth pyramid, which was broad at the base and narrow at the top, has been modified; now it is increasingly narrow at the base as it thickens toward the apex. Several causes have originated this change. The medical ones such as vaccination, prenatal control, reduction of infant mortality, increase of average life (75 years) for Panama; sociocultural and political reasons, strict birth control in some nations. On the other hand, couples currently have fewer children.
This situation has attracted the attention of the United Nations, which has held two global assemblies on aging to analyze the problem, seek solutions and make recommendations to member countries for the purpose of implementing solutions. The first was held in Vienna in 1982 and the second in Madrid in 2002. Recommendations included: promotion of health and well-being in old age, creation of an inclusive, supportive and supportive environment, including employment generation for older adults. Excepting 120 at 65, have these recommendations been met during the governments of Moscoso (last two years), Torrijos, Martinelli and Varela?
In Panama, the 1990 census shows a population of 2,329,329 inhabitants, of whom 176,465, 23 %, are over sixty years old. In 2000, the population was 2,839,177, and 244,565, 28.4 %, over sixty. In 2010, 3,405,815 people, of which 360,812, 34 %, are senior citizens. These figures indicate that more than a third of the people of the country are elderly .
The care in institutions that deal with it, is costly, with an average of one thousand dollars monthly, out of the reach of the majority, whose income as a retiree is lower, having to stay at home and not always they have family members who can take care of them, having to resort to the services of a person with the qualities required to deal with which is extremely difficult to find at the city, interior and national levels. This vital service is carried out with great dedication and efficiency by urban, rural, Nicaraguan, Venezuelan, Honduran, Dominican, and Colombian migrants who provide valuable support to Panamanian families and elders who thank them.
Fuente: Panamá América
Disponible en: http://www.panamaamerica.com.pa/opinion/envejecimiento-poblacional-1065301