In the legal international context, the Inter-American Convention on the Protection of the Human Rights of Older Persons was adopted, which promotes, protects and ensures the full enjoyment and exercise of the human rights of older persons. It also recognizes that the person, as he or she grows older, must continue to enjoy a full, independent and autonomous life, with health, security, integration and active participation in economic, social and cultural spheres.
International law promotes and defends the human rights and fundamental freedoms of the elderly, including the right to life and to live old age with dignity until the end of their days. International legal regulations prohibit age discrimination in old age.
The elderly person has the right to live without being affected by violence and receiving a dignified treatment. The elderly person has the right not to be subjected to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The elderly person has the inalienable right to express his free and informed consent in the field of health. The denial of this right constitutes a form of violation of the human rights of the elderly person. In order to guarantee the right of the older person to express their informed consent in a previous, voluntary, free and express way, as well as to exercise their right to modify or revoke it, in relation to any decision, treatment, intervention or investigation, in In the field of health, States Parties undertake to develop and implement adequate and effective mechanisms to prevent abuse and to strengthen the capacity of the elderly to fully understand existing treatment options, their risks and benefits.
Such mechanisms shall ensure that the information provided is adequate, clear and timely, available on a non-discriminatory basis, in an accessible manner and presented in a comprehensible manner in accordance with the cultural identity, educational level and communication needs of the elderly person.
The elderly person has the right to a comprehensive care system that provides protection and promotion of health, coverage of social services, food and nutritional security, water, clothing and housing; promoting that the elderly person can decide to remain in their home and maintain their independence and autonomy.
Every older person has the right to social security and social security to protect a dignified life. The elderly person has the right not to be subjected to aggression against his dignity, honor and reputation, and to privacy in the acts of hygiene or in the activities that he develops, regardless of the area in which he develops. Rights of the elderly, which other human beings must always promote and respect.
Source: La prensa austral
Available at: http://laprensaaustral.cl/columnas/el-adulto-mayor-en-el-derecho-internacional/