The XIV International Seminar Longevity 2017 - which began Tuesday at the Havana Convention Center - is committed to active and satisfactory longevity.
"Because it is about people living as long as possible, but also doing so with quality of life", the XIV International Seminar Longevity 2017 - which started Tuesday at the Havana Convention Center - is committed to a Active and satisfactory longevity, explained Dr. Raúl González Hernández, president of the organizing committee.
The event, organized by the Caribbean Medical Association (Ameca) and the Club of 120 years, proposes scientific discussion on issues ranging from genetics, culture, motivation, sexuality, nutrition, food, environment, physical activity, to the challenges for health systems, friendly cities and the knowledge of aging.
"The 21st century is full of opportunities to expand life, coming from the development of science, medicine, culture and productive capacity. Cuba, offers a unique scenario where science and society are united, and this exchange is an example of this, "said González Hernández.
Life expectancy at birth in Cuba is 78.45 years for both sexes, 80 years for women and 76 for men, But the life expectancy of every person who is up to six decades old today is 22 years more, and almost nine years for those who arrive to the 80s, according to health statistics.
This is an important achievement, but it also a challenge. One of them was Dr. Agustín Lage Dávila, director of the Center for Molecular Immunology, who addressed the paradigm in the treatment of cancer as a chronic disease, before trends that speak today that the survival of cancer patients in the world Is increasing, although these curves do not yet are translated in a reduction of mortality rates.
Likewise, Lage Davila stressed that the complex nature of cancer control is undoubtedly a challenge. Changing the focus of cancer, seen it as a chronic and non-terminal disease, rather than aspiration is a reality and evidence is already being developed that the cancer evolves into chronicity. From the scientific point of view this can be seen in the increase in survival and the use of longer treatments, where as important as survival is the quality of life, he explained.
All this in a context where the incidence of cancer in the world increases - with the countries of the South that accumulate 70% of mortality, a fact that demystifies the fact that cancer is a problem only of rich countries - scenario To which our country does not escape, because this disease occupies the first places in the causes of death in Cuba.
The expert also emphasized the importance for the cancer control program in our country to establish differentiated care for advanced cancer, strengthen prevention in primary health care, constantly update therapeutic guidelines, evaluate complex intervention packages and not only the separate drugs and mobilize the biotechnology industry.
On the other hand, he said that immunotherapy has a potential impact on many chronic diseases associated with age, such as diabetes, kidney disease, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer ... among others
For the scientist, we now have better weapons for cancer control; Although we still lack strategies aimed at, for example, a more aggressive intervention in smoking, which is one of the main risk factors.
Longevity 2017, will also host the X International Meeting of Nursing, the Third International Oral Health Symposium in Longevity, and the XII Centenary Meeting. His inaugural session served as a space conducive to a sense of homage to Professor Eugenio Selman-Housein Abdo and the presentation of the text The Emcele of Avicenna, which means modest or simple people; A text ordered by his brother Ricardo, who gathers his history and recognizes the important role he played as a scientist and revolutionary, as well as the years he dedicated to the Club of 120 years.
Available at: http://www.granma.cu/cuba/2017-06-06/vivir-mas-y-mejor-06-06-2017-23-06-49